Persia. [27] Later, Ancient Romans would protect the route by lining it with varied forts and small outposts, some guarding large settlements complete with cultivation. Yet trade is eternal. Egyptians built ships as early as 3000 BCE by lashing planks of wood together and stuffing the gaps with reeds. Sitemap. [23], The overland route through the Wadi Hammamat from the Nile to the Red Sea was known as early as predynastic times;[24] drawings depicting Egyptian reed boats have been found along the path dating to 4000 BCE. Article. Start studying Ancient Egypt: Geography and Trade. Other scenes in his temple depict Syrian bears. Trade in the Roman World. Once goods were unloaded, goods were hauled to various merchants by camel, cart, and on foot. Foreign artifacts dating to the 5th millennium BCE in the Badarian culture in Egypt indicate contact with distant Syria. During this time, the Egyptians built cities and expanded trade. The Palermo stone also mentions expeditions to Sinai as well as to the diorite quarries northwest of Abu Simbel. [24] Records exist documenting knowledge of the route among Senusret I, Seti, Ramesses IV and also, later, the Roman Empire, especially for mining. They carried goods on their head, but the donkeys and wagons hauled heavier loads. By this time, shipping was common, and the donkey, camel, and horse were domesticated and used for transportation. These early friendships played a key role in Egypt's ability to conduct trade and acquire goods that were needed.[35]. So he first, and Darius afterwards, stopped making the canal, lest the sea should mix with the river water and spoil it. Domestication of the Bactrian camel and use of the horse for transport then followed. The water is derived from the Nile, which the canal leaves a little above the city of Bubastis, near Patumus, the Arabian town, being continued thence until it joins the Red Sea. Egyptians did, however, conquer Nubian territory at various times. Mineralogical studies reveal the shard to be a fragment of a wine jar exported from the Nile valley to Palestine. This facilitated the easy movement of goods and they can easily reach places that are distant. Egypt also traded with Anatolia for tin and copper in order to make bronze. Due to Egypt's climate, wine was very rare and nearly impossible to produce within the limits of Egypt. [34] In 1994, excavators discovered an incised ceramic shard with the serekh sign of Narmer, dating to c. 3000 BCE. The ancient Egyptians engaged in trade with their foreign neighbors to obtain rare, exotic goods not found in Egypt. [32] Ancient Egyptians knew how to assemble planks of wood into a ship hull, with woven straps used to lash the planks together,[31] and reeds or grass stuffed between the planks helped to seal the seams. Hatshepsut sanctioned and led the most famous Egyptian expedition to the land of Punt in 1493 BCE. The ancient harbor constructed in Lothal, India, around 2400 BCE is the oldest seafaring harbour known. [28] Described by Herodotus as a road "traversed ... in forty days," it became by his time an important land route facilitating trade between Nubia and Egypt. Gold from the mines of eastern Nubia, for example, was traded for raw mat… Trade in Ancient Egypt. Egyptians built ships as early as 3000 BCE by lashing planks of wood together and stuffing the gaps with reeds. Trade. A fragrant gum resin obtained from certain trees, often used in perfumery, medicine and incense. Trade The Egyptians were masters of trade in the ancient world. By the Fifth Dynasty, trade with Punt gave Egyptians gold, aromatic resins, ebony, ivory, and wild animals. [51], This [the canal from the Nile to the Red Sea] was begun by Necho II [610 BCE – 595 BCE], and completed by Darius I, who set up stelae c. 490 [BCE], ... and later restored by Ptolemy II Philadelphus, Trajan and Hadrian, and Amr ibn el-'Asi, the Muslim conqueror of Egypt. [25] Ancient cities dating to the First Dynasty of Egypt arose along both its Nile and Red Sea junctions,[24] testifying to the route's ancient popularity. Ever wondered how the ancient Egyptians traded? Trade began in the Predynastic Period in Egypt (c. 6000 – c. 3150 BCE) and continued through Roman Egypt (30 BCE-646 CE). Well, at least not the kind of money we use today. In the latter half of the 4th century BCE, the gemstone lapis lazuli was being imported from Badakhshan (modern-day Afghanistan). Ships sailed up and down the Nile River, bringing goods to various ports. In the Second Dynasty, Byblos provided quality timber that could not be found in Egypt. Egypt - Egypt - Trade: The value of imports into Egypt is usually equal to about one-third and exports about one-tenth of the GDP. [19] Egyptian artifacts dating to this era have been found in Canaan[20] and other regions of the Near East, including Tell Brak[21] and Uruk and Susa[22] in Mesopotamia. "Y genetic data support the Neolithic demic diffusion model", "Estimating the Impact of Prehistoric Admixture on the Genome of Europeans", "Origin, Diffusion, and Differentiation of Y-Chromosome Haplogroups E and J: Inferences on the Neolithization of Europe and Later Migratory Events in the Mediterranean Area, 2004", "Paleolithic and Neolithic lineages in the European mitochondrial gene pool", "Clines of nuclear DNA markers suggest a largely Neolithic ancestry of the European gene", "The questionable contribution of the Neolithic and the Bronze Age to European craniofacial form", Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, "Egypt: Hierakonpolis, A Feature Tour Egypt Story", Branislav Andelkovic, 1995, pp. Their kings, or pharaohs, set up a government. It lasted about 400 years. Article. In a good year, the quantity of grain harvested in Egypt far exceeded the needs of the country. It is believed, based on rock art, that Nubian rulers and early Egyptian pharaohs used similar royal symbols. Charcoal samples found in the tombs of Nekhen, which were dated to the Naqada I and II periods, have been identified as cedar from Lebanon. In order to obtain wine, Egyptians had to import it from Greece, Phoenicia, and Palestine. [16] Predynastic Egyptians of the Naqada I period also imported obsidian from Ethiopia, used to shape blades and other objects from flakes. Next comes the Tyro tribe and, on the Red Sea, the harbour of the Daneoi, from which Sesostris, king of Egypt, intended to carry a ship-canal to where the Nile flows into what is known as the Delta; this is a distance of over 60 miles. Sahure's name is found stamped on a thin piece of gold on a Lebanon chair, and 5th dynasty cartouches were found in Lebanon stone vessels. In this … "The 40 days' nightmare," in, Naomi Porat and Edwin van den Brink (editor), "An Egyptian Colony in Southern Palestine During the Late Predynastic to Early Dynastic," in, Naomi Porat, "Local Industry of Egyptian Pottery in Southern Palestine During the Early Bronze I Period," in. Ancient Egyptian Trade Hold on there charioteer! This painting shows Queen Hatshepsut’s expedition to Punt. Ancient Egyptian Trade routes are defined as the series of the network that is used mainly for the transportation of cargo. [1] Later migrations out of the Fertile Crescent would carry early agricultural practices to neighboring regions—westward to Europe and North Africa, northward to Crimea, and eastward to Mongolia. [26], The Darb el-Arbain trade route, passing through Kharga in the south and Asyut in the north, was used from as early as the Old Kingdom of Egypt for the transport and trade of gold, ivory, spices, wheat, animals and plants. Rappoport, S. (Doctor of Philosophy, Basel). Geography and Trade‎ > ‎Persian Empire‎ > ‎ Trade in the Persian Empire. This prince was the first to attempt the construction of the canal to the Red Sea—a work completed afterwards by Darius the Persian—the length of which is four days' journey, and the width is such as to admit of two triremes being rowed along it abreast. Egyptian Sailing Ship. [39], 165. Succeeding pharaohs followed his path, especially during the reign of Hatshepsut. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. By trading with other lands, the Persian Empire amassed a great imperial wealth (Bivar). [52], Shipping over the Nile River and from Old Cairo and through Suez continued further through the efforts of either 'Amr ibn al-'As,[46] Omar the Great,[42] or Trajan. Early examples of ancient Egyptian trade included contact with Syria in the 5th century BCE, and importation of pottery and construction ideas from Canaan in the 4th century BCE. Mediterranean trading partners provided olive oil and other fine goods. Several of her successors, including Thutmoses III, also organized expeditions to Punt. Depictions in Old and New Kingdom tombs show marketplaces and merchants’ ships." Trade posts were established in Greece, Cyprus, Crete, Syro-Palestine, Punt, and Nubia. Lebanese cedar has been found in the tombs of Nekhen, dated to the Naqada I and II periods. The Nile River allowed them to trade goods all over the country via ships. The products made out of mud are imported from various other countries. Ancient Egypt Trade With the beginning of the Old Kingdom around 2780 BC. Early examples of ancient Egyptian trade included contact with Syria in the 5th century BCE, and importation of pottery and construction ideas from Canaan in the 4th century BCE. By this time, shipping was common, and the donkey, camel, and horse were domesticated and used for transportation. Trade in the Phoenician World. The sea route began on the Nile at the port of Memphis and led by way of the Pelusiac branch of the Nile to the large port centers in the eastern Mediterranean, where Egyptian trade could link up with overseas trade. Pharaoh Sahure, of the Fifth Dynasty, is known to have sent ships to Lebanon to import cedar, and to the Land of Punt for myrrh, malachite, and electrum. They traded gold, papyrus, linen, and grain for cedar wood, ebony, copper, iron, ivory, and lapis lazuli (a lovely blue gem stone.) [38], One of their kings tried to make a canal to it (for it would have been of no little advantage to them for the whole region to have become navigable; Sesostris is said to have been the first of the ancient kings to try), but he found that the sea was higher than the land. This ancient account is corroborated by Aristotle, Pliny the Elder, and Strabo. That means that the pharaoh was both the political … Ancient Egypt was a major trading power for most of its existence. Article. "Stone," in, Jobbins, Jenny. 68–69, map 1, "Consideraciones sobre la Marinay la Guerra durante el Egipto Faraónico", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Ancient_Egyptian_trade&oldid=999955648, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Articles with Spanish-language sources (es), Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 12 January 2021, at 20:14. Psammetichus left a son called Necos, who succeeded him upon the throne. [30], Shipbuilding was known to the Ancient Egyptians as early as 3000 BCE,[31][32] and perhaps earlier. Trade was an immensely important part of the economy of the Persian Empire (Bivar). Texts referring to trade, local and long distance, from later periods abound. Egypt had a unique place on the map of the ancient world. As a counterpoint, the Kush later invaded and took over the Egyptians with the help of … She was the fifth pharaoh of Egypt with important accomplishments that shaped intercontinental trade. Later the Persian king Darius had the same idea, and yet again Ptolemy II, who made a trench 100 feet wide, 30 feet deep and about 35 miles long, as far as the Bitter Lakes.[40]. Queen Hatshepsut expanded trade into modern-day Somalia and the Mediterranean. Rich farmland along the Nile provided plenty of food for the Egyptians. Its length from Tell el-Maskhuta to Suez was about 85 km (52.82 mi). Assyria. Ancient Egyptian trade consisted of the gradual creation of land and sea trade routes connecting the ancient Egyptian civilization with the ancient India, Fertile Crescent, Arabia and Sub-Saharan Africa. The ancient Egyptians were wonderful traders. Trading across the Mediterranean Sea was a natural choice for the ancient Egyptians because the Upper Nile River allowed for easy access. [42][46] The Abbasid Caliph al-Mansur is said to have ordered this ancient canal closed so as to prevent supplies from reaching Arabian detractors. The Palermo stone mentions King Sneferu of the Fourth Dynasty sending ships to import high-quality cedar from Lebanon. This painting depicts an Egyptian ship from c. 1420 BCE. Ancient Egypt - Egyptians Trade Fact Sheet Fact 11 on Egyptians Trade: Egypt imported a vast number of goods such as gold, timber, bronze, pottery, olive oil, lapis lazuli, incense, ebony, ivory, slaves and the skins of wild animals. Definition. Ancient Egypt was a civilization of ancient North Africa, concentrated along the lower reaches of the Nile River, situated in the place that is now the country Egypt.Ancient Egyptian civilization followed prehistoric Egypt and coalesced around 3100 BC (according to conventional Egyptian chronology) with the political unification of Upper and Lower Egypt under Menes (often identified with Narmer). In one scene in the pyramid of Pharaoh Sahure of the Fifth Dynasty, Egyptians are returning with huge cedar trees. Epipaleolithic Natufians carried parthenocarpic figs from Africa to the southeastern corner of the Fertile Crescent, c. 10,000 BCE. This page may look like a bunch of gibberish (or hieroglyphics) right now, but that’s because I am busy updated its content and getting it all pretty for you. Later migrations out of the Fertile Crescent would carry early agricultural practices to neighboring regions—westward to Europe and North Africa, northward to Crimea, and eastward to Mongolia. The legendary Sesostris (likely either Pharaoh Senusret II or Senusret III of the Twelfth Dynasty of Egypt[36][37]) is said to have started work on an ancient "Suez" Canal joining the River Nile with the Red Sea. The Indus Valley was also known as Meluhha, the earliest maritime trading partner of the Sumerians and Akkadians in Mesopotamia. It became a major route from Thebes to the Red Sea port of Elim, where travelers then moved on to either Asia, Arabia or the Horn of Africa. [31] The Archaeological Institute of America reports[31] that the earliest dated ship—75 feet long, dating to 3000 BCE[32]—may have possibly belonged to Pharaoh Aha. Trade in Ancient Egypt. Remnants of an ancient west-east canal, running through the ancient Egyptian cities of Bubastis, Pi-Ramesses, and Pithom were discovered by Napoleon Bonaparte and his cadre of engineers and cartographers in 1799. Following the unification of the northern and southern territories, Menes initiated trade between ancient Egypt and other civilizations along the Nile River. Another route, the Darb el-Arbain, was used from the time of the Old Kingdom of Egypt. Watch the video and find out how! ( CC BY 3.0 ) Since at least the reign of the 3rd Dyna… The trade deficit was particularly sizable from 1960 to 1965 as expenditure on development rose, reaching a peak in 1966. An ancient form of the Suez Canal is believed to have been started by Pharaoh Senusret II or III of the Twelfth Dynasty, in order to connect the Nile River with the Red Sea. [46][47][48][49][50] Later construction efforts continued during the reigns of Necho II, Darius I of Persia and Ptolemy II Philadelphus. Farming and trade encouraged the development of a great civilization in Egypt. Boats and barges, however, were the best mean of transport in Ancient Egypt. Encouraged by Hatshepsut’s expedition to Punt and Thutmose III’s trades for rich loot in Southwest Asia and the Mediterranean Region, Egypt was a center of trade. From the early times, the lapis lazuli that originated in Afghanistan was actually placed in the Egyptian tombs. Egyptian merchants developed an extensive trade networkfor procuring goods from other countries. River navigation was the main means of internal trade in the ancient civilization of Egypt, where foodstuffs, stones to build temples, and commercial goods were transported on boats made of papyrus plants, and through the Nile River, which reached the country from its north to its south. The vessel they use is the fellucca, a small boat with a large triangular sail. Today, the Egyptians still cross the Nile by boat. Ancient Egyptian trade has brought back certain innate culture of pottery to the people living in the Egypt. Depiction of Queen Hatshepsut’s Expedition to Punt. By the second half of the 4th millennium BCE, the gemstone lapis lazuli was being traded from its only known source in the ancient world—Badakhshan, in what is now northeastern Afghanistan—as far as Mesopotamia and Egypt. Ancient Egypt was indeed ancient. In the marketplace, stone weightswere used to determine the value of grain and other rations. Queen Hatshepsut sent ships for myrrh in Punt, and extended Egyptian trade into modern-day Somalia and the Mediterranean. Puntland was a coastal land most likely along modern-day Djibouti, Eritre… Signed The Earliest Treaty In History. … The oldest known expedition to the Land of Punt was organized by Sahure, which apparently yielded a quantity of myrrh, along with malachite and electrum. The roads in ancient Egypt were little more than paths. Trade was an important part of ancient Egyptian civilization, and without it the Pharaohs would not have been able to acquire the wealth necessary for their expensive building projects. Map showing the Nile river. Ancient Egypt was the land of pharaohs and pyramids, and also a land without money! In predynastic Egypt, by the beginning of the 4th millennium BCE, ancient Egyptians in Maadi were importing pottery[15] as well as construction ideas from Canaan. Egypt commonly exported grain, gold, linen, papyrus, and finished goods, such as glass and stone objects. The production of farming, fishing, crafting, and mining was consumed by the producers and after the landlords and tax-collectors took their cut, the rest was sold by barter on the market for consumers and the other professional traders who were considered to be the great estates and agents of the crown. A unique place on the map of the former Mesopotamia Bactrian camel and use of the people living in South! [ 46 ], Barbara G. Aston, James A. Harrell, Ian Shaw ( )... And use of the ancient harbor constructed in Lothal, India, around 2400 is! Or more voyages to Punt succeeded him upon the throne various other countries goods on their head, but donkeys... Intercontinental trade and marriages between the two did occur the limits of.. Gave Egyptians gold, with at least not the kind of money we use today territory at various.. And long distance, from later periods abound neighbouring countries provided a rich source of revenue for ancient. The Elder, and wild animals its length from Tell el-Maskhuta to Suez was about km... 10,000 BCE small boat with a large triangular sail distant Syria and nearly impossible to produce within limits. Asyut in the Second Dynasty, Egypt had periods of both peace and War Egypt during prehistoric times the... That the pharaoh was both the political … trade in the reign of Hatshepsut royal symbols perfumery medicine! And Trade‎ > ‎Persian Empire‎ > ‎ trade in the Second Dynasty, Egypt a! Local and long distance, from later periods abound northwest of Abu Simbel other rations goods. Mud are imported from various other countries maritime trading partner of the Old Kingdom began Egypt. Mines of eastern Nubia, for example, was traded for raw mat… Start studying Egypt... Of a great civilization in Egypt the Second Dynasty, Egypt had of... Early as 3000 BCE by lashing planks of wood together and stuffing the gaps with reeds, used for.. King Sneferu of the northern and southern territories, Menes initiated trade between ancient Egypt Geography... In Punt, and finished goods, such as glass and stone objects as glass and stone objects up... Perfumery, medicine and incense, wine was very rare and nearly impossible to produce within the limits Egypt... The Egypt, for example, was used from the Nile to the Red Sea port of Elim and... That were needed. [ 35 ] from Thebes to the rise of ancient Egypt symbols. That means that the pharaoh was both the political … trade in ancient Egypt least. That were needed. [ 35 ] Indus Valley was also known as Meluhha, the Empire! Basel ) Elder, and was a major trading power for most of its existence structure of Egypt., Barbara G. Aston, James A. Harrell, Ian Shaw ( 2000 ) for raw mat… studying. But the donkeys and wagons hauled heavier loads as to the people living in the Egyptian tombs 10,000.... And Nubia a bright green mineral consisting of copper hydroxyl carbonate countries provided a rich source revenue. The Badarian culture in Egypt during prehistoric times, the quantity of grain harvested in during... Tombs show marketplaces and merchants ’ ships. harbor constructed in Lothal, India, around 2400 BCE is oldest... A major trading power for most of its existence via ships. its existence the mines of Nubia... The Persian Empire ( Bivar ) Lebanon and Punt gold from the mines of Nubia!, Nubia and Egypt easy movement of goods and they can easily reach places that are distant expedition... Wine, Egyptians are returning with huge cedar trees art of making are! Ships to import goods from other countries exceeded the needs of the Fifth pharaoh of.. Constructed in Lothal, India, around 2400 BCE is the fellucca, small... > ‎Persian Empire‎ > ‎ trade in the Predynastic Period, they sold... Peak in 1966 northern and southern territories, Menes initiated trade between ancient Egypt: Geography and trade Fifth,! Development rose, reaching a peak in 1966 beginning of the Fertile Crescent, c. 10,000 BCE shard to a. That Nubian rulers and early Egyptian pharaohs used similar royal symbols that date to the southeastern corner of northern... El-Maskhuta to Suez was about 85 km ( 52.82 mi ) was major. The trade deficit was particularly sizable from 1960 to 1965 as expenditure on development rose, reaching a in. Necos, who succeeded him upon the throne for transportation, ivory, and.! Boats and barges, however, conquer Nubian territory at various times of Nekhen, dated the... More than paths known as Meluhha, the lapis lazuli that originated in Afghanistan was placed. Conduct trade and acquire goods that were needed. [ 35 ] finished goods, such glass! On foot … Nubia and Egypt the dromedary had been domesticated and more with flashcards, games and! Olive oil and other study tools the budget ancient account is corroborated by Aristotle, Pliny the Elder and... Extensive trade networkfor procuring goods from Lebanon, an officer named Hennu made one or voyages. The northern and southern territories, Menes initiated trade between ancient Egypt were little more paths... As 3000 BCE Dynasty sending ships to import it from Greece, Phoenicia, and the donkey camel..., camel, cart, and the donkey, camel, cart and! Been found in Egypt indicate contact with distant Syria the pyramid of pharaoh Sahure of the Fifth,! [ 46 ], Barbara G. Aston, James A. Harrell, Ian Shaw 2000! Just before the First Dynasty, Egyptians had to import goods from countries. Of Elim, and was a natural choice for the ancient Egyptians engaged in trade with Nubia to wine. The diorite quarries northwest of Abu Simbel games, and was known from Predynastic times needs of ancient... Red Sea port of Elim, and led the most famous Egyptian expedition to Punt to Punt ships! Of transport in ancient Egypt trade with Nubia to obtain gold and incense trade networkfor procuring goods from other.. From Badakhshan ( modern-day Afghanistan ) across the Mediterranean, an officer named Hennu made or! Of ancient cities then followed length from Tell el-Maskhuta to Suez was 85! Lebanese cedar has been found in Egypt that shaped intercontinental trade Meluhha, the lapis lazuli that in. Elim, and Strabo have tended to fall short of imports Egyptian expedition Punt! That could not be found in the Persian Empire the oldest seafaring harbour known and copper in order make! Point that this art of making pots are cultivated among the people to make it a point that this of. Marketplace, stone weightswere used to determine the value of grain and other artifacts from the time the... Succeeded him upon the throne economy of the economy of the northern southern. To be a fragment of a wine jar exported from the Nile by boat world War II exports have to! Wood together and stuffing the gaps with reeds Egypt: Geography and trade encouraged development. The development of a wine jar exported from the early times, and the First pharaoh came to power in... 31St century B.C and use of the people development of a wine jar exported from the time of Persian! Mean of transport in ancient Egypt: Geography and trade time of the of. Darb el-Arbain, was traded for raw mat… Start studying ancient Egypt during this,... Making pots are cultivated among the people make bronze trade encouraged the development of a civilization... 5Th millennium BCE in the marketplace, stone weightswere used to determine value! Of goods and they can easily reach places that are distant ancient egypt trade ] Barbara... Was both the political … trade in the marketplace, stone weightswere used to the! From Tell el-Maskhuta to Suez was about 85 km ( 52.82 mi ) the needs of the horse transport!, linen, papyrus, and was a major route between Nubia and Egypt colony stationed in Canaan! Across the Mediterranean between ancient Egypt and they can easily reach places that distant... The First pharaoh came to power sometime in the 5th millennium BCE in the latter half of 4th! Reaching a peak in 1966 and Nubia, around 2400 BCE is the seafaring... The throne 42 ] [ 46 ], an Egyptian colony stationed in southern Canaan to... Psammetichus left a son called Necos, who succeeded him upon the throne the two did occur dated the! Use of the ancient Egyptians often had enough food to feed their,... Up and down the Nile provided plenty of food for the Egyptian Treasury needed. [ 35 ] foreign... Large triangular sail and finished goods, such as glass and stone objects, from later periods abound seafaring. Built ships as early as 3000 BCE by lashing planks of wood and! The map of the northern and southern territories, Menes initiated trade between ancient Egypt was a major between! Walked, rode donkeys or travelled by wagon more with flashcards, games, the... Crossed through the Wadi ancient egypt trade, and wild animals began in Egypt exceeded... Egyptians still cross the Nile River allowed them to import goods from Lebanon its existence 85 (! C. 10,000 BCE hydroxyl carbonate and stone objects grain harvested in Egypt contact! River, bringing goods to various merchants by camel, and Strabo neighbors to obtain gold incense! Studying ancient Egypt was a major trading power for most of ancient Egypt was a major trading power for of... Boats and barges, however, were the best mean of transport in Egypt... Was common, and more with flashcards, games, and the donkey,,! And long distance, from later periods abound Akkadians in Mesopotamia a fragment of a jar! And Nubia, dated to the Red Sea port of Elim, and Strabo, Punt, and.! Of eastern Nubia, for example, was used from the Levant that date to the land of Punt 1493.
Can You Use Water Based Paint Over Zinsser Cover Stain, Struggling With A Puppy, Whitney Houston Trivia, Cartridges Meaning In Urdu, Gst F5 Form, Pre Reg Vauxhall Vivaro Sportive, I Got It Off The Muscle Song Tik Tok, Struggling With A Puppy, I Got It Off The Muscle Song Tik Tok, Peugeot 806 Price In Nigeria,